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Media captionA BBC team in Minsk encountered violent scenes on Monday night

Police used live bullets when they came under attack during protests in Belarus, the interior ministry says.

As details of the incident in the south-western city of Brest emerged, the United Nations condemned the use of violence by authorities.

A demonstrator was wounded in Tuesday’s incident in Brest, but officials say police reacted in self-defence.

Protesters have accused police of brutality in the wake of Sunday’s presidential election.

UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet said reports suggested “a trend of massive arrests in clear violation of international human rights standards”.

A BBC crew was also attacked by police on Tuesday evening.

The protests erupted hours after Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko was declared the winner of the presidential vote, which has been condemned by the EU as “neither free nor fair”. The main opposition contender, Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, was then detained before fleeing to neighbouring Lithuania.

EU ‘considers sanctions’

Mr Lukashenko won 80% of Sunday’s vote, according to election officials, but there were widespread allegations of vote rigging. EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said Belarusians had shown “the desire for democratic change” in the election campaign.

Sweden’s foreign minister says EU foreign ministers will meet on Friday to discuss imposing sanctions on Belarus.

Lithuanian President Gintanas Nauseda said on Wednesday that Lithuania, Poland and Latvia were prepared to mediate, provided Belarusian authorities stopped violence against protesters, release detained demonstrators and form a national council with members of civil society. The alternative, he warned, was sanctions.

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Riot police were seen beating protesters in several areas of Minsk

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo agreed the vote “was not free and fair”, adding that the people of Belarus “should be given the freedoms that they are demanding”.

When Ms Tikhanovskaya went to the electoral committee on Monday evening to complain about the results that gave her just 10% of the vote, she was detained for seven hours. By Tuesday morning she had arrived in Lithuania.

Mr Borrell accused authorities of using “disproportionate and unacceptable violence causing at least one death and many injuries”.

Websites, which have been jammed in Belarus for days, were widely reported to be back online on Wednesday morning. State TV has said little about the protests and two presenters have announced their resignations.

There have been numerous reports of police violence. One protester has died and 200 others have been wounded, some seriously, and 6,000 detained.

Hundreds of women wearing white clothes and holding flowers turned out in Minsk on Wednesday to call for an end to police violence. A crowd of more than 100 people gathered earlier outside a prison in Minsk waiting for news of their detained relatives and friends.

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Women in Minsk rallied on Wednesday in support of detained protesters

On Tuesday night alone, interior ministry spokeswoman Olga Chemodanova said more than 1,000 people were held and a number of police and security forces hurt during unrest in Minsk and other big cities.

In the south-western city Brest, police were targeted by a “group of aggressive citizens with metal rods in their hands”; “firearms were used to protect the lives and health of the employees,” she said.

The brutality of the crackdown has shocked observers. However, official newspaper Belarus Segodnya, said the protest “co-ordinators” had been detained, including one Minsk resident said to have organised the “mass disturbances” from a hotel room.

At the scene in the capital

By Abdujalil Abdurasulov, BBC News, Minsk

Protesters gathered spontaneously on Tuesday night near Kammenaya Gorka metro station in central Minsk that quickly turned into a battleground of new clashes.

Police fired tear gas and stun grenades before fanning out across the street to push demonstrators back.

Some people fell while trying to flee, but were quickly picked up by others running behind. Police chased them into the yards of apartment blocks where many tried to hide.

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Protesters have accused riot police of brutality

When they caught up with fleeing protesters, officers surrounded them and beat them violently with batons. Residents watching from their windows booed and swore at officers, shouting at them to leave.

Someone even threw a wooden ladder at riot police who were beating a man under their window.

Earlier, our BBC team was also attacked by men dressed in black who appeared to be security forces.

“Take the camera away,” they shouted as they approached us. We showed them our government-issued accreditation, but one of the officers ripped our colleague’s card from around her neck, took her camera and attempted to break it.

When we demanded the accreditation document be returned, one of them lashed out with his baton at us and our remaining camera. Luckily, none of the team was badly hurt and the camera remained intact.

Several other journalists in Minsk also reported harassment and intimidation by security forces on Tuesday night.

Opposition website Tut.by said journalists were detained in the cities of Brest and Grodno, as well as in the capital.

Many had their equipment broken or confiscated. Tut.by said its own reporter and cameraman were targeted.

Mr Lukashenko, 65, who has ruled the former Soviet country since 1994, has described opposition supporters as “sheep” controlled from abroad. He also later claimed that most of the protesters were unemployed, Belta reported, and told them “in an amicable way” to get jobs.

There were some reports of workers going on strike but state media said it was fake news.

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Protesters called on Belarus authorities not to use force

Three TV presenters have resigned in the wake of the vote. Tanya Borodkina of STV said she was standing down because she “could no longer smile on air”. “Do not be afraid,” she urged Belarusians on Facebook. “Do not deprive our children of their future!”

Yevgeny Perlin and Sergey Kozlovich both of Belarus 1 TV also said they had hosted their last shows. “What happened to my Belarus?” Perlin wrote on Facebook.

What has happened to the opposition?

Former teacher Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, 37, was a stay-at-home mother until she entered the race after her husband was arrested and blocked from registering for the vote.

She was one of three women who pooled their resources to spearhead the opposition. Veronika Tsepkalo fled Belarus on the day of the vote and Maria Kolesnikova remains in Belarus.

According to an associate, Ms Tikhanovskaya had been escorted from the country by the authorities as part of a deal to allow the release of her campaign manager, Maria Moroz, who was arrested on Friday evening.

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Media captionSvetlana Tikhanovskaya: “Not one life is worth what is happening now”

After she had arrived in Lithuania a video appeared online in which she addressed supporters (in Russian), stating that she had overestimated her own strength.

“I thought that this campaign had really steeled me and given me so much strength that I could cope with anything,” she said. “But I guess I’m still the same weak woman that I was.”

“Not one life is worth what is happening now,” she added. “Children are the most important things in our lives.” Ms Tikhanovskaya had sent her children to Lithuania for safety before the election.

A second video later emerged that appeared to have been made during her detention. The images show her, head lowered, reading nervously from a script as she urges her supporters to “obey the law” and stay away from street protests.

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Mr Lukashenko cast his ballot at a polling station in Minsk

Ahead of Sunday’s election, crowds flocked to opposition rallies, with Belarusians angered in part by the Lukashenko government’s response to coronavirus.

The president has downplayed the outbreak, advising citizens to drink vodka and use saunas to fight the disease.